SAN PEDRO DE
village of San Pedro de Atacama, located at 2450 m on the
northern edge of the great Salar de Atacama (the largest),
is perhaps one of the most attractive of Chile together.
The village is one of the many oases which owe their origin
to the rains that produces the "Bolivian winter" in the
world's driest desert, the Atacama. This makes it even more
amazing to find it in the middle of a really lush vegetation
consists Chañares, carob and peppers.
In the fields
covered by a green that seems to come from wet areas,
agriculture is practiced since ancient times, maintaining
the same culture methods used for thousands of years. A
miracle that the inhabitants of the place of origin
Atacameño, grateful to nature (Pachamama) through various
festivals and religious ceremonies, where Catholicism and
ancient beliefs come together in a particular cultural
manifestations of northern Chile .
Walking the fields and watch the homes of traditional design
and constructed in adobe, one can not help but feel
transported to another era.
Pedro is located at the foot of the Andes, which in this
area reaches 6100 m in height. Off San Pedro and only 40 km
away is the majestic and mystical Licancabur (5916 m). The
name means "hill people" and was revered by the Incas, who
performed ceremonies and left offerings in the crater is at
Being there and see the ruins of shrines and camps built by
the Incas, it is inevitable to think about the depth of his
faith, effort and will, which led up to these inhospitable
heights impressive conditions.
Just 15 km
away is the mysterious Valley of the Moon. As its name
indicates, the shape and colors of the rocks found there,
give the landscape a lunar look. Watching the sunset from
this place, watching the light changes the tone of the
volcanoes are seen in the distance to the bright red ...
makes this show an incredible and overwhelming experience.
Archaeologically speaking, the San Pedro area is of great
interest. The history of the area dates back to 11 thousand
years BC, when the numbers for the oldest human remains have
been found there. One of the best examples of historical and
archaeological site, which is the Tulor, 3,000 years old.
of the ruins are covered by desert sand and only 4% of the
construction has been excavated, so one can only speculate
about what lies beneath the sand.
Although Tulor is a great representative of the Atacama
Archaeology is not alone. There are many other sites that
are just being investigated and others who are still hidden
in the desert.
The plateau is
a large plateau that lies between the 4000 and 4600 m high.
The landscape is totally different from that found in San
Pedro, here is common to find water estuaries, lagoons and
many salt lakes.
Despite harsh weather conditions live many species of
animals that have adapted and are able, for example, to live
with water that is high in salt and arsenic.
In addition, we are surrounded by volcanoes all the time
exceeding 5500 m, which gives an almost surreal appearance.
Lascar volcano (5592 m) is the most notable example of an
active volcano since its last eruption occurred in 1993 and
its continuing plume seen from San Pedro. The ascent to the
Lascar (quite simple but requires pre-acclimatization), can
see the giant crater 750 m in diameter and 300 m deep.
great geological activity in the area has not only created
the volcanoes but also originated the famous Geysers Geysers
(4200 m). To observe the geysers in its fullness, the best
time of day is dawn, it is recommended to leave San Pedro at
5:30 AM, to arrive at the Geysers at 7 am Some geysers
reaching heights of 3-4 m.
The hot springs near the geysers allow you to enjoy a
delicious spa bath while watching the sunrise. The water
temperature can reach 54 º C.
The thermal fluctuation of the environment is very large:
-10 º C before sunrise and 15-20 º C when it is out. Here
there are also Vizcachas and Vicuñas.
As a good way to end the walk to the geysers, is to visit
Puritama (3500 m) to enjoy an exquisite spa bath. Is a river
Puritama thermal temperatures around 38 º C and is in a deep
rocky canyon, where there are still ancient cultivation
terraces and ancient ruins. There are outdoor pools and all
that surrounds it is nature.